The subject of Trust is so important in our daily life. Amanah is the trust or moral responsibility or honesty and all the duties that Allah has ordained, but unfortunately people limited trust to giving people their financial rights back, which is a big misunderstanding of this great matter.
According to the Quran and the Sunnah, Trust has a very broad and unlimited sense. Trust involves practicing all religious, social and moral obligations:
1- your body: you have to keep it fit and healthy and protect it from the haraam and you must also use it to worship Allah. Your eyes must keep away from looking at haram, your tongue must be kept away from speaking haram and your ears must be kept away from listening to haram, as they are all part of Amanah.
2- Your family is Amanah –and if you neglect your family, it means that you have neglected your duties.
3- The community in which you live with is Amaanah and in order to be a positive member of the society you should spread good deeds in your community.
4- The nation is Amanah( trust) upon the rulers, politicians and kings because: “The leader is a shepherd and he is responsible for his people”
5- The religion in the hands of the scholars is a trust:
) وَإِذَ أَخَذَ اللّهُ مِيثَاقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ لَتُبَيِّنُنَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ وَلاَ تَكْتُمُونَهُ (
“And remember when Allah took an agreement from those who were given the book to make it known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it,
6- Wealth is a trust in the hands of people, from which they must give Allah and people their rights. If they did this they would be rewarded in both this life and the Next:
My Dear Muslims:
Allah Subhanuhu waTa’ala instructed us to put our trust in Him. Also, He demanded that we should fulfill our trust, and make sure that we deal with trust.
It is understood that Allah Himself is the One Who fulfills His promises. Therefore, He commanded us to fulfill our own promises, too. He says in Surah An-Nisa’ (The Women):
(انَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ)
(Allah commands you to pay back the trusts to their owners, and that when you judge amongst people, judge with justice (4:58)
The concept of Amanah (Trust) has been given to us since the time Allah created mankind. Allah offered the trust to the universe, and every creation refused to assume the responsibility.
The only one who assumed such a responsibility is a man. In this respect, Allah informs us about His offer of the trust to the universe in Surah Al-Ahzab:
( إِنَّا عَرَضْنَا الْأَمَانَةَ عَلَى السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَالْجِبَالِ فَأَبَيْنَ أَن يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنسَانُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ ظَلُومًا جَهُولًا (72) )) سورة الأحزاب
“We did indeed offer the trust to the Heavens and the Earth and the mountains; but they refused to undertake it, being afraid thereof: but man undertook it; he was indeed unjust and ignorant;” (33:72)
This verse (or ayah) clearly indicates that the Muslim who submits this trust to Allah following His commands is the only positive member of the society.
Any time we make a promise, we have to fulfill it in order to be considered among the believers. They are of those who fulfill their promises and their agreements. In Surah Al-Mu’minun (The Believers), Allah SWT says about the good qualities of the believers:
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ
“Those who faithfully observe their trusts and their covenants”
My Dear bro/sis, as you know our beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was called Al-Amin: The Trustworthy Person.
He fulfilled all of his promises from his childhood until his death. He never cheated anyone, and he never lied in his life. He was the best example of a man to mankind.
We have been informed by our beloved Prophet (PBUH) that whoever does not fulfill his promises does not have faith and does not have religion.
In one Hadith, he said:
“There is no faith for the one who has no trust, and there is no religion for the one that does not fulfill his promises.” Ahmad
He (PBUH) also emphasized that whoever does not fulfill his commitments, pledges and promises is considered to be a hypocrite. the Prophet (PBUH) said:
“Signs of a hypocrite are three: whenever he speaks he lies; whenever he promises, he breaks his promises; and whenever he has been entrusted, be disloyal to his trust” Agreed
In conclusion, the broad meaning of trust is: everything should be placed at its proper and deserving place. For example, an office or a post should be offered only to the deserving person; and responsibility should be given only to that person who has the capability to do justice to the trust placed in him.